The ‘Doomsday’ glacier might quickly set off a dramatic sea-level rise


Antarctica: A continent largely coated in ice, which sits within the southernmost a part of the world.

conduct: The way in which one thing, typically an individual or different organism, acts in direction of others, or conducts itself.

carbon: A chemical aspect that’s the bodily foundation of all life on Earth. (in local weather research) The time period carbon generally might be used nearly interchangeably with carbon dioxide to connote the potential impacts that some motion, product, coverage or course of might have on long-term atmospheric warming.

carbon dioxide: (or CO2) A colorless, odorless fuel produced by all animals when the oxygen they inhale reacts with the carbon-rich meals that they’ve eaten. Carbon dioxide is also launched when natural matter burns (together with fossil fuels like oil or fuel). Carbon dioxide acts as a greenhouse fuel, trapping warmth in Earth’s environment. Vegetation convert carbon dioxide into oxygen throughout photosynthesis, the method they use to make their very own meals.

local weather: The climate situations that sometimes exist in a single space, normally, or over a protracted interval.

colleague: Somebody who works with one other; a co-worker or staff member.

crevasse: (in Earth sciences) A big, deep crack in a glacier, whose floor might or will not be masked by a skinny layer of snow.

dynamic: An adjective that signifies one thing is lively, altering or shifting. (noun) The change or vary of variability seen or measured inside one thing.

environmental science: The research of ecosystems to assist determine environmental issues and potential options. Environmental science can deliver collectively many fields together with physics, chemistry, biology and oceanography to know how ecosystems perform and the way people can coexist with them in concord. Individuals who work on this area are referred to as environmental scientists.

fracture: (noun) A break. (verb) To interrupt one thing and induce cracks or a splitting aside of one thing.

glacier: A slow-moving river of ice a whole lot or 1000’s of meters deep. Glaciers are present in mountain valleys and in addition kind components of ice sheets.

speculation: (v. hypothesize) A proposed rationalization for a phenomenon. In science, a speculation is an concept that have to be rigorously examined earlier than it’s accepted or rejected.

marine: Having to do with the ocean world or surroundings.

mass: A quantity that signifies how a lot an object resists rushing up and slowing down — mainly a measure of how a lot matter that object is created from.

physics: The scientific research of the character and properties of matter and vitality. Classical physics is an evidence of the character and properties of matter and vitality that depends on descriptions reminiscent of Newton’s legal guidelines of movement. Quantum physics, a area of research that emerged later, is a extra correct means of explaining the motions and conduct of matter. A scientist who works in such areas is named a physicist.

satellite tv for pc: A moon orbiting a planet or a automobile or different manufactured object that orbits some celestial physique in area.

sea: An ocean (or area that’s a part of an ocean). In contrast to lakes and streams, seawater — or ocean water — is salty.

sea degree: The general degree of the ocean over all the globe when all tides and different short-term adjustments are averaged out.

simulation: (v. simulate) An evaluation, typically made utilizing a pc, of some situations, features or look of a bodily system. A pc program would do that by utilizing mathematical operations that may describe the system and the way it may change over time or in response to totally different anticipated conditions.

tides: (adj. tidal) The alternate rising and falling of the ocean, normally twice in every lunar day at a specific place, because of the attraction of the moon and solar.

United Kingdom: Land encompassing the 4 “international locations” of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Eire. Greater than 80 % of the UK’s inhabitants dwell in England. Many individuals — together with U.Ok. residents — argue whether or not the UK is a rustic or as an alternative a confederation of 4 separate international locations. The United Nations and most international governments deal with the UK as a single nation.


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